Part 3

Lighting Fundamentals

Prerequisite: None

Duration: 4 hours

Learning Objectives/Competencies for the module
After this class, a building operator should be able to:

  • Describe fundamental lighting principles and understand lighting terminology.
  • Describe different methods and know how to measure different lighting levels.
  • Determine adequate lighting levels according to the IES recommendations.
  • Differentiate between various lighting equipment and components.
  • Be able to perform simple lighting maintenance tasks and know of proper ways to recycle various fixture
  • Describe various heating and cooling systems and their maintenance and be able to explain why safety measures are necessary and what those entail.
  • Identify different lighting efficiency strategies.
  • Calculate lighting project costs, simple payback and return on investment.


  • Lighting Concepts & Principles
    • Light Levels
    • Learning Activity – Using a Light Meter
  • Lighting Equipment
    • Common Types of Lamps
    • Lumens per Watt
    • Color Temperature
    • Color Rendering Index
    • Ballasts
    • Fixtures
    • Controls
  • Lighting Maintenance
    • Re-lamping
    • Cleaning
    • Disposal & Recycling
  • Lighting Efficiency
    • Rationale for Efficiency
    • Efficient Lighting Practices
    • Lighting Surveys & Audits
    • Lighting Improvement Strategies
    • Efficient Retrofits and Relighting Options
  • Lighting Costs and Savings
    • Lighting Operating Costs
    • Calculating Lighting Project Costs
    • Calculating Simple Paypack and Return of Investment

Methods and Learning Activity
Discussion Questions
Learning Activity: Lighting Levels Discussion